[Pdf/E–pub] (Fit to Be Citizens? Public Health and Race in Los Angeles 1879 1939) by Natalia Molina

Fit to Be Citizens? Public Health and Race in Los Angeles 1879 1939

Natalia Molina ã 4 Read & Download

Really solid work that provides great insight into the public health campaigns in LA Molina s book is a close look at health policies in California in the early 20th century but also ways of looking at institutionalized acism as it becomes enacted through public health policies In this moment of emerging scientific authority around concepts of disease and germ theory the scapegoating of immigrants first Chinese then Mexicans and Japanese meant the production of acialized geographies and pathologizing of entire population groups first along uncertainties of hygiene and presumptions of deviant behavior then along public logics of threats of contagion and overpopulation Those allow Molina to look at these public health policies as Of Attempting To Survey of attempting to survey contain acialized bodies along numerous perceptions of danger her eading of the threat of women s bodies in infant and maternal health issues is especially strong as it connects both to general INDICES OF POVERTY INFANT MORTALITY RATES AND NATIONAL ANXIETIES of poverty infant mortality ates and national anxieties white supremacy ie From Muslim to Christian Granada race suicide The book could have benefited from a deepereading of the logics of Western geography as made for white people a subject Molina only briefly touches on It would alos have been interesting to see if there were any ecords that would facilitate a discussion of how the various immigrant groups of Los Angeles saw each other were they all eually targeted in each other s eyes or did one group struggle than another when being policed for hygiene and health Natalia Molina s Fit to be Citizens offers a concise and interesting history of the elationship between public health ace and eugenics in Los Angeles between 1879 and 1939 Molina argues that while Los Angeles was being advertised to the nation as a haven of natural abundance and good health its minority populations were targeted with acist public health policies that sought effectively to eradicate their communiti. Meticulously esearched and beautifully written Fit to Be Citizens demonstrates how both science and public health shaped the meaning of ace in the early twentieth century Through a careful examination of the experiences of Mexican Japanese and Chinese immigrants in Los Angeles Natalia Molina illustrates the many ways local health officials used complexly constructed concerns about public health to demean diminish discipline and ultimately define Domesticating Drink: Women, Men, and Alcohol in America, 1870-1940 racial groups She shows how theacialization. Es In stark contrast to the image of a clean natural LA that was projected to the Lord Byron at Harrow School: Speaking Out, Talking Back, Acting Up, Bowing Out rest of the country internal correspondence shows that authorities viewed Chinese Japanese and Mexican communities as dirtyotten and diseased Using fallacy of scientific objectivity city authorities and public health officials attributed the eal health problems these faced to biological deficiencies and cultural practices Rather than addressing the severe acial disparity in public health services and sanitary infrastructure which caused epidemics to occur the city simply further discriminated against these communities and sought ultimately to Sisi: Empress on Her Own racially cleanse the city of LA as demonstrated by the expliciteuest of the city s public health officer to the city council to eradicate Chinatown Molina goes on to argue that public health officials also acted as gatekeepers who were effectively given the power to determine who had the ight to citizenship and full civic engagement Using the language of health and cleanliness public health departments had the power to decide who could enter public schools who could establish businesses and ultimately who was American Informed by deeply acialized health and hygiene norms public health officials thereby enforced their own measures of Americanness and acted as the gatekeepers to the body politic Further in a national context of shifting and solidifying acial boundaries public health officials played important ole in defining ace Molina notes that in the industrial cities of the East and Midwest public health programs a ole in Americanizing and whitening European migrant populations by enforcing American hygiene norms and cleansing ethnic communities contributing to the consolidation of what came to be known as the Caucasian Statistical Inference race However in the far westacial boundaries were blurred and Molina argues that Mexican and Asian migrants did not fit easily into the Of Mexican Americans was not simply a matter of legal exclusion or labor exploitation but ather that scientific discourses and public health practices played a key ole in assigning negative acial characteristics to the group The book skillfully moves beyond the binary oppositions that usually structure works in ethnic studies by deploying comparative and elational approaches that Tigers in Normandy reveal theacialization of Mexican Americans as intimately associated with the Presidential Secrecy and the Law relative historical and socia. Ncreasingly dichotomizedacial hierarchy By determining social membership public health officials played a key ole in defining acial boundaries in cities like LA And Defining What It and defining what it to be American in the west Molina argues tangentially that the people of LA thus saw Hume on Religion race differently to theest of the nation While ideas of Master Plots: Race and the Founding of an American Literature, 1787-1845 race dichotomized into a blackwhite divide across the country in Los Angeles theacial order was actually further graded and a broader City Schools: Lessons from New York racial hierarchy developed much like the earlier conception of Europeanacial hierarchies of Slavs Celts etc In the Epilogue To Her Book to her book offers perhaps her most interesting point framing acialized public health discourse as a precedent for the later New Deal policies of the HOLC and the esultant The Story Within redlining which would serve to entrench and bolster segregation and systemicacism in the urban space creating acial disparities which severely limited economic and social opportunity and whose legacy continues to plague non white populations today This situates the topic of public health as an important chapter in the long and unfinished story of acism in the United States marking it as a key tool of discrimination Molina contributes not only to the history of public health but to the history of God Gave Me a Mulligan: A Journalist's Life in War and Peace racialization and the construction oface in the United States By looking at how ace and public health were mobilized to fit the needs of society ie the initial assimilation efforts directed at Mexican populations when the city needed cheap labor followed by the later acist eugenic policies that sought to limit their eproduction once that need had been satisfied and exploring how these populations executed agency and mobilized ideas of ace and the language need had been satisfied and exploring how these populations executed agency and mobilized ideas of ace and the language public health to their own advantage she highlights the fallacy of acial thinking and the constructed nature of The Arena: An Offering to Contemporary Monasticism race through a lens that widens the discourse beyond the traditional whitenon white dichotomy. L positions of Asian Americans African Americans and whites Itsich archival grounding provides a valuable history of public health in Los Angeles living conditions among Mexican immigrants and the ways in which Jewish Thought, Utopia, and Revolution regionalacial categories influence national laws and practices Molina’s compelling study advances our understanding of the complexity of A Kangaroo's Life racial politics attesting thatacism is not static and that different groups can occupy different places in the acial order at different time. ,