E–pub/Kindle [Mama's Last Hug Animal Emotions and What They Tell Us about Ourselves] AUTHOR Frans de Waal


The Mother I Carry: A Memoir of Healing from Emotional Abuse kSh Due to a lack of language in these groups at least a language humans understand science has been skeptical about the existence of emotions They can t tell us when they are sad joyful envious They unlike humans cannot lie about what they are experiencing De Waal also believes that reluctance to accept their emotions may stem from an unwillingness to grant complex emotions to lower life forms After all isn t that what makes us superior Thankfully science is changing and that will trickle down to the general public We should respect all life We should care about their habitats and their handling and uality of life if used for consumption Some progress is being made but we have a long way still to goDeWaal is not just extremelynowledgeable and passionate about his subject but he is an engaging writer I highly recommend this bookWe tend to underestimate the Animal emotions Human emotions Can they in any way share commanalties The author makes a convincing and illuminating arguement that yes they can and they can also tell us much about ourselves He shares the relationship between various chimp behaviors the emotions they have and how they are shown in various situations While most of the book cover this group their are also sec I recently went to the zoo at the behest of a friend of mine I hadn t been to a proper zoo since I was a child and was reminded why I hadn t been in such a long time Animals in small enclosures appearing listless with nothing to stimulate them was for me the opposite of entertaining It was profoundly moving but not perhaps in the sense that my acuaintance might have wished Particularly disturbing to me was seeing the macaues gorillas chimpanzees and other primates When my friend sensed that I was not happy to see them despite my love of bonobos and chimpanzees in particular I explained how sad it was to see these profoundly social animals with intricate friendship and family bonds be isolated by themselves in a small cage In Mama s Last Hug Frans De Waal doesn t go deeply into how zoos are problematic he does briefly touch on it but he does ask and defend the uestion as to whether primates in particular are capable of emotions If you ve read De Waal before you are probably familiar with his answer but here he uses his and others research as well as entertaining and fascinating anecdotes to answer that he believes they do He gives wonderful examples of a wide variety of facial expressions that correlate with our own our facial structures are remarkably similar how primates feel and show shame bargain amongst themselves and others he cites macaues at a temple of Bali who often steal particular items such as cell phones from tourists Rather than run away with them the monkeys sit a safe distance away until the tourists hands over a sufficient amount of food at which point the monkey will put down the valuables and walk away with its bounty In his perhaps most touching story De Waal recounts the story of Mama a female chimp who was the alpha female for decades at the colony De Waal supervised in Holland As she became sick and near death one of the staff members who had been with her for years went into her cage to say goodbye a uite dangerous thing to do and one that he freely admitted later he would never do with any other chimp Mama on seeing and clearly remembering their relationship over the years gave him a long hug as if to say goodbye that can been seen on Youtube highly recommended you have some Anthology of Articles on African Linguistics and Literature kleenex handy Was she aware of her impending death Maybe Maybe not But even the most hardened cynic would have to admit that there was at a bare minimum recognition on her part and likely warmth that we as humans like to assign solely to ourselves Why do so many scientists still refuse to acknowledge that beings other than humans are capable of complex emotions Is it that it would complicate experimentation on them Make eating them extremely problematic We do notnow for sure De Waal writes we cannot ask animals directly what they are feeling This is undoubtedly true And yet through simple observation it is increasingly difficult to deny they are feeling something intensely recognizable and universal to all living beings Frans de Waal s latest book Mama s Last Hug Animal and Human Emotions is a survey of various emotions what they are when they arise and how they are identified in both animals and humans Each chapter covers a different set of emotions or concepts related to them such as emotional intelligence and sentience described with a plentiful assortment of de Waal s firsthand anecdotes from his decades studying primates as well as summaries of other scientific publications In short he asserts and with much credible evidence that not only do animals have rich emotional lives but they very much parallel that of humans Anyone who has a pet at home perhaps will shrug at why this is such a big deal Like other people who own pets I m no stranger to describing the behavior of my cats in emotional terms they become mopey and depressed when my suitcases come out and they The Writing Workshop know I m going to be gone for a while when I come home from work or a trip they re ecstatic to see me they get frustrated when their food or water dish has been empty too long etc This is just what the average person tends to do and we don t think twice about it The thing is scientific reasoning has discredited this for ages as anthropomorphism and the topic gets a nice overview early on in Mama s Last Hug which has long been the silly foolish thing humans do that s just plain nonsense As Frans de Waal and other scientists have worked hard to prove over the years this is actually not the case Hard irrefutable scientific evidence is now coming out to show that we humans are not on a magnificent pedestal above the rest of the animalingdom after all Advances in neuroscience and a growing awareness of and accounting for once ignored variables in experimental data like social animals being tested in isolation versus in a social environment or the very in experimental data like social animals being tested in isolation versus in a social environment or the very differences in rat behavior when lab technicians are male or female have only shown that we humans are far similar to the rest of the animals than we are dissimilar Turns out we humans aren t actually bad at correctly assessing the emotional states of animals eitherPersonally I devoured this book as uickly as I could I ve highlighted so many passages and discussed the stories and conclusions with anyone that will listen I ve always been endlessly fascinated with where scientists are going with their studies of emotions and usually find myself skimming some psychology publications just for fun In fact I even participated in research myself partly to see how experiments were run partly to get a free MRI of my brain why not But I always come away from it all a bit perplexed by It s interesting if one gets a score of over 90 percent or even let s just say hm 988 percent the person would say score of over 90 percent or even let s just say hm 988 percent the person would say this is close to absolute No matter if it is a test a comparison or whatever But as soon as it goes like You Agricultural Engineering know those missing 12 percent are the difference between you and a sh trhowing chimpanzee the person goes like WTF and so on So as I always say we are naked apes and each emotional and brain reaction that is explored in monkeys gives deep insights into our collective and individual nature Thenowledge could lead to a better social design from international organizations to small villages with just a hand full of houses Checklists are great so let s put monkeys vs humans on a Distant Echoes Finding Keys To Life After Abuse kind of partner finding match list with the same interest Violent without reason against the own people which harms the whole society Check Manipulate and lie around anything that comes just a mile close so some sexy time Done The tendency to despotism genocide and determination wars Getting closer to a full match Same emotional reactions concerning love fear hate etc Got it monkey owned Excuse me but could someone please explain the difference to me again I mean even the throwing sh3 thing seems to be matching be it verbally or in some rare cases ahemBoth the neurological and social development are so closely related that the functioning systemsept growing inside our heads and got probably a little bit modified regarding impulse control subtleness and intelligence but nature didn t change much in this running system Take away food shelter and punishment and we are again where we were millions of years ago extremely dangerous group raiders with an integrated attitude to madness This is especially funny because there are no lesser intelligent animals especially biological very similar mammals that have the same rate of lunatics that naturally occur because something like a human brain can t be constructed or civilized without some damage When there are millions of rabbits deer mice or cows their behavioral anomalies are so few compared to when one puts a few million people together in one placeOne implication is that like bonobos and chimpanzees human society has different attitudes depending on the social structure And as both humans and monkeys eep evolving many new variants may grow out of the few concepts with the main difference that humans could form an environment for many experiments and plentiful family and social structures instead of the few monocultures we see today With each acceptable ideology that doesn t include harming discriminating or erasing other groups many experiments would be possible with volunteer groups of environmentalists futurists etc that want to try out something new How to prevent them from going the way of sects and extremists might be a tricky topic but at least the indoctrinated way of how to live would fall apartA huge misuse of anthropomorphism has been the tendency to think that we great humans should project our superior properties onto other lower animals instead of considering that it might be that many animals are much smarter complex and emotional than we thought or wanted to think Just because human communication got overcomplicated with language mimics and stuff that doesn t mean that communications that are based on smell varying sounds or just hormones aren t as good effective and a sign of higher intelligence instead of just instincts as thought for a long time With the help of neuroscience and biological markers the truth can be shown Tragically the bad and wrong science of the past was used to discriminate animals and other humans that were both deemed inferiorThe work is primarily focused on apes but let s think about other animals for instance pigs cows and chicken or if they are on the dinner table and the imagination is too irritating dolphins octopi crows well anything that has the intelligence and or social life to feel And here comes the cornucopia of ethical philosophical and sociological uestions regarding both our connection to and behavior regarding many animals Let s say a scientist would find out or has already found out a long time ago that especially the tortured animals in the meat factories have not just complex feelings and higher intelligence than supposed but understand the whole context of their situation at each momentThe work of this outstanding author should be read and spread by everybody because it opens new interdisciplinary fields of both natural sciences and humanities and leads to a better understanding of both real and human nature and could help #to stop repeating the construction errors and behaving like aggressive alpha males after #stop repeating the construction errors and behaving like aggressive alpha males after few million years of a wild human adolescence and become adult and wise insteadFinally let s try a self test that is prooving all theories right Look I made this funny for the sake of your mental sanity censored list of emotions that would completely control me with full intensity if I wouldn t be such a highly developed smart super duper alpha predator meditation and mindfulness really help a tiny little bit bored stressed happy hungry evil scared tired excited hungry again dishonest sensitiveA wiki walk can be as refreshing to the mind as a walk through nature in this completely overrated real life outside books. Nd empathyDe Waal discusses facial expressions the emotions behind human politics the illusion of free will animal sentience and of course Mama’s life and death The message is one of continuity between us and other species such as the radical proposal that emotions are like organs we don’t have a single organ that other animals don’t have and the same is true for our emotions Mama’s Last Hug opens our hearts and minds to the many ways in which humans and other animals are connected transforming how we view the living world around

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Frans de Waal ´ 6 Download

Mama's Last Hug Animal Emotions and What They Tell Us about OurselvesYou might also enjoyPrimates Next of Kin My Conversations with Chimpanzees A Primate s Memoir Through a Window Bonobo Handshake Almost Human The Astonishing Tale of Homo Naledi Reflections of Eden My Years with the Orangutans of Borneo Walking with the Great Apes Jane Goodall Dian Fossey Birute GaldikasOther Animals The Inner Life of Animals The Secret Wisdom of Nature Alex Me Mind of the Raven One Wild Bird at a Time Spying on Whales Animals in Translation Animals Make Us Human The Soul of an Octopus Animal Wise The Inner World of Farm Animals Second Nature The Inner Lives of Animals When Elephants Weep The Emotional Lives of Animals The Pig Who Sang to the MoonOn occasion the author makes statements comparing female apes and women While I understand what he is trying to accomplish his wording comes off as sexist An example from Chapter 1While a young woman s bosom gradually expands often aided by push up bras and padding she too becomes a magnet of male attention She learns the power of cleavage which gives her clout she s never enjoyed before while also opening her up to jealousy and nasty comments from other women This complex period in a girl s life with its massive emotional upheavals and insecurities reflects the same interplay between power sex and rivalry that adolescent female apes also go throughand a few paragraphs laterYoung women are both available and valuable because of the reproductive life that lies in front of them Hence women s eternal uest to look young via hair dyeing makeup implants facelifts and so onI can t say I agree Many young women don t want this attention nor do they they use their bodies to leverage power with men Makeup and beauty treatments are not always about looking younger or attracting a mate either Ugh Point made but rather poorly Frans de Waal is one of that generation of biologists who when starting in their field had to struggle with an intellectual climate or less opposed on principle to thinking about the inner lives or emotions of animals Like Jane Goodall who violated norms by naming rather than numbering the chimpanzees she was observing he was somewhat of a revolutionary for advocating the patently obvious position that humans are not the only mammals to have emotions and distinct personalities But then in the mid 20th century even research in the emotions of humans was somewhat suspect as the extreme Behaviorists considered anything other than behavior to be improper for scientific considerationFortunately times have changed but de Waal is still a bit angry about it Not that his writing is by and large ranty or angry if I may engage in a bit of speculation about his internal mental state for a moment But from time to time he does get just a tiny bit curmudgeonly about the fact that he had to spend a good bit of his early career battling the intellectual headwinds that hit anyone who thought that non human animals thought and importantly feltWhich is a bit odd because not only is this common nowledge which any farmer veterinarian or pet owner could have told you but it is also very much in line with the Copernican Principle This is the pattern not as precise as a scientific law a rule of thumb that scientific progress tends to move in the direction of You Are Not So Special Humanity Earth is not the center of the Universe Neither is the Sun Humans came about long after the universe had been going and we are related to every other living thing on earth some of whom are relatively close relations It is predictable from the Copernican Principle that just about anything that humans can do language toolmaking feeling emotions has antecedents in other speciesThere are a few times when I was a bit skeptical of his arguments if not of his conclusions For example he makes reference to the now famous pencil held in your teeth makes you find things to be funnier because it forces you into a smile study without acknowledging that there has been uite a bit of trouble in replications of this finding Now it may be that this result will be upheld upon closer study but given all the attention paid to replication in the social sciences in recent years you would think that it would at least be acknowledged that there was a uestionStill there is clearly a lot in common between human emotions and those of other mammals and perhaps even in some cases non mammalian species The Mama of the title refers to a chimpanzee matriarch who managed to retain her alpha female status for many years largely by deftly managing the emotions of herself and others in her troop Very late in her life she was visited by Jan van Hooff an also elderly researcher who supervised de Waal s dissertation decades before The video accumulated several million views you can see it here The reason is that the emotional content is not difficult to interpret the chimpanzee is surprised and enthusiastic about seeing the familiar human face Chimpanzees are far stronger than humans and unless you have raised one from infancy it is dangerous to be near one without some form of protection from mood swings If we are told that this was the first ever time that they had met without bars in between even though they had been interacting for forty years it certainly adds something to our understanding of the event but I think even without this nowledge the emotional content of the chimpanzee s reaction is pretty clearOne could of course come up with some sort of explanation of the various physical acts that did not mention the word emotion or any related concept You could also probably come up with an explanation of why the planets move across the sky in the way they do without referencing the fact that they and the Earth are all in orbit around the Sun But The Simplest Explanation By simplest explanation by is that they feel many of the same emotions that humans do and so for the same reason that well before we had rocketry enough to literally prove it we accepted Copernicus heliocentric model we should probably assume that mammals have emotions unless there is some advantage in predictive power in assuming otherwiseIf I have any criticism of this book it would be that much of the same ground was covered in his previous book Are We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are But it is still a good read and the overlap is not so complete as to make reading this book superfluousI have to say also that I found de Waal s sketches and drawings to be charming More scientists should attempt to draw it s a humanizing touch Also their nowledge some of it subconscious of which features matter most can at times make their drawings informative than a photographAll told a worthy if imperfect book on a topic that anyone with emotions can learn from Two or three stars which represents best how I react to this book Is the book good or is it OK As a whole it feels OK than good so two stars it will be I will explain why I react in this wayI have trouble with how the book is told and I am not referring in any way to the narration of the audiobook It is not the central content concerning animals emotions that is the stumbling block for me I am certain that animals do have emotions and the similarity between human and animal emotions is striking The information provided on this topic is interesting When the book sticks to the topic it is good Too often it gets off trackI must start at the end it is in this way easiest to explain what I observe The audiobook ends with a short summation of what the author intended with his book The author speaks to us directly we hear his voice his words It is not the audiobook s narrator hear his voice his words It is not the audiobook s narrator reads the afterword of the audiobook The words Waal uses are completely different from the language used in the book He proposes his ideas in a uiet and understated manner The tone of the book the language used there has ideas in a uiet and understated manner The tone of the book the language used there has air of being modern and hip cool amicable and convivial It is the language so often used in books of popular science The language employed in the book compared to the language in the afterword are is as different as night and day I cannot help but wonder if revisions have been made to the author s writing The language of the afterword is what I preferThere are other problems related to how the book is told The prologue does not explain how the book is set up and it is too detailed The chapter and subchapter titles are not informative they give little guidance as to what will follow Here are five title examples The Yuck Factor Pride and Prejudice Murder Power Emotions Are Like Organs The content of each chapter flows without pause from subject to subject mixing anecdotes theorizing and citings of scientific experiments What the experiments show are stated as given facts with little said concerning chosen methods or procedures The chapters end abruptly they lack a final paragraph that summarizes the conclusions that should be drawn There are statements made that I uestioned one example being that animals instinctively now what they can and cannot eat My dog certainly doesn t he eats spoiled meat from carcasses and then vomits it up Often I felt the need to uestion what is said background information is inadeuate Topics sometimes are simply dropped in midair Much can be interpreted in alternate ways Too much theorizing and uibbling over semantics One example over and over again the author insists on distinguishing between emotions and feelings The author states that the first are shown and arise physically from our bodies while the second are spoken of and are a product of language What we say can be deceptive to achieve our goals we do not always say what we truly think Then at the end it is stated that the two emotions and feelings are very close So why all the fuss about stressing the difference This is a topic returned to many times throughout the book each time I felt uncomfortable because what is said is too theoretical built on a construct diffuse uite simply unclear I felt the author was playing with words What I do like is when theorizing is put aside and we are told interesting tidbits about animal behavior their emotions and intellect This is what I was looking for in the book Animals do have emotions and numerous examples are spoken of The differences among bonobos chimpanzees orangutans and some monkeys are fascinating There is information here I had not heard before Elephants birds cats and dogs horses mice and fish a wide assortment of animals are discussed In the text the author expresses freuently his personal point of view and stresses often what he has done in a tone so very different from his words in the afterword On closing the book I was jarred at the incongruity between the afterword and all that had preceded itI have no proof of this but the book seems to me to have been revised by another person than the author Has somebody else gotten involved Have sections been added to enhance the popularity of the book The book spreads out over popular themes into philosophy politics and even Trump Vegetarianism zoos and the proper and fair treatment of animals in general are additional themes There is very little about Mama the matriarchal chimpanzee of the title She s there on the cover to pull at your heartstringsThe audiobook is narrated by LJ Ganser His narration I have given three stars He reads at times a bit too fast I need time to consider that which is stated I do not automatically swallow what I am being told There is nothing wrong with Ganser s narration but I would recommend reading the paper book With the paper format it is easier to stop and think I don t regret reading this for the facts it provides about animals but how it is told gave me trouble A book viewed by me as OK is OK not bad Mama s Last Hug Animal Emotions and What They Tell Us about Ourselves 2 starsAre We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are 3 stars Both by Frans de WaalRelated books which could be of interest Beyond Words What Animals Think and Feel 4 starsMind of the Raven Investigations and Adventures with Wolf Birds 4 starsThe Genius of Dogs How Dogs Are Smarter than You Think 4 starsWesley the Owl The Remarkable Love Story of an Owl and His Girl. New York Times best selling author and primatologist Frans de Waal explores the fascinating world of animal and human emotionsFrans de Waal has spent four decades at the forefront of animal research Following up on the best selling Are We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are which investigated animal intelligence Mama’s Last Hug delivers a fascinating exploration of the rich emotional lives of animalsMama’s Last Hug begins with the death of Mama a chimpanzee matriarch who formed a deep bond with biologist Jan van Hooff When Mama. ,

5 starsTwo Owls At Eton 5 starsAlex Me How a Scientist and a Parrot Discovered a Hidden World of Animal Intelligence and Formed a Deep Bond in the Process 3 stars Love Life and Elephants An African Love Story 3 stars As a student realizing that my biology books were of little help explaining chimpanzee behavior I picked up a copy of Machiavelli s The Prince It offered an insightful unadorned account of human behavior based on real life observations of the Borgias the Medici and the popes The book put me in the right frame of mind to write about ape politics at the zoo We now our own inner states imperfectly and often mislead both ourselves and those around us We re masters of fake happiness suppressed fear and misguided love This is why I m pleased to work with nonlinguistic creatures I m forced to guess their feelings but at least they never lead me astray by what they tell me about themselves Jan van Hoof image from Utrechtse Bilologen Vereniging Jan van Hoof was two months shy of eighty years old and Mama was one month shy of fifty nine when they said their goodbyes They had Rough Rider: BWWM Interracial MC Biker Alpha Male Romance known each other for forty years She d been sleeping a lot had lost considerable weight which was not surprising for one of the world s oldest zoo chimpanzees but she finally wakes up spots Jan and beams with a smile far wider than any human could produce She bleats out a high pitched call of greeting while reaching up for Jan s head pats the back of his neck and strokes his hair pulling him closer It is a moving moment that most of us might struggle to get through without releasing at least one or two tears of recognition And why not There are many ties that bind us than there are those that divide us And with this tearful scene we are delivered to aey uestion Just how different are humans from apes from animals in terms of our emotional livesMama image from Royal Burgers ZooIn 1980 the Dutch born author learned that a favorite chimpanzee alpha had been murdered by two male rivals in the colony It became a life changing event for him He was about to move to the USA and continue his study of apes but he realized that there was far too much that was not nown about the roles of cooperation reconciliation pro social behavior and fairness in the animals relationships He redirected his life studies toward gaining a better understanding of such long neglected areas of animal behavioral research Frans de Waal image from wikipediaFranciscus Bernardus Maria Frans de Waal is now a world renowned primatologist and social psychologist who has broken much new ground in our understanding of animal psychology and emotion Competition was always studied in his field but de Waal was the first to establish intentional deception conflict resolution and a non human basis for empathy and morality A serious scientist whose popular writing has brought his theories to a wide readership his list of awards and recognitions would fill the page His most recent book is Are We Smart Enough To Know How Smart Animals Are Hopefully enough of us are The uestion here is whether we are perceptive enough to be able to recognize and appreciate animal emotionsMama the long time matriarch of the Burgers Zoo chimpanzee colony with her daughter Moniek At the time of this photo Mama was at the height of her power Image and text from the bookThis is not a book about Mama although her story does illustrate de Waal s point Many researchers appear to have an irresistible impulse to portray animals as entirely separate from people De Waal is interested in showing us that there is far less difference than human exceptionalists would like to think Are we really so different There have been many lines scientists have drawn that supposedly separate humans from animals that separate us from our biological roots Once it was claimed that humans are different because we use tools That lasted until researchers discovered that diverse sorts of creatures also use tools Brain size Number of neurons Nope nope More recently a difference maker has been claimed in our experiencing of emotions portraying animals as virtually mechanical Anyone with cats dogs or most other sorts of pets can assure you that our companion animals do indeed have emotions As do apparently other animals as Well Now There Is Research Now there is research back up what is obvious to many of us The anthropomorphism argument that we merely project our emotions onto the animals being studied is rooted in human exceptionalism It reflects the desire to set humans apart and deny our animality To do so remains customary in the humanities and much of the social sciences which thrive on the notion that the human mind is somehow our own inventionModern neuroscience makes it impossible to maintain a sharp human animal dualism Bonobos are huggers Image by Jutta Hof taken from de Waal s FBAnd if we are not so different then what might be our common roots How did our emotions and how we behave come to be And by we I am not limiting that to people The work portrayed here raises many uestions about the origin of some characteristics of human beings about animals having a sense of time about the nutritional needs of hunter gatherers the role of neuron count in consciousness a definition of consciousness the role of individualism and socialization in species survival the impact of affection in early life on development ok take a breath We have trouble imagining fairness as an evolved trait partly due to how we depict nature Using evocative phrases such as survival of the fittest and nature red in tooth and claw we stress nature s cruelty leaving no room for fairness only the right of the strongest In the meantime we forget that animals often depend on each other and survive through cooperation In fact they struggle far against their environment or against hunger and disease than against each other Orangutan mother holding juvenile image by Max Block taken from de Waal s FBRested now Ok back to itwhether humans are alone in having free will the impact of increasing ineuality on longevity Is there a human instinct for war Do animals laugh or smile Can animals commit murder What is the relationship between intellect and emotion What does it mean to be an alpha male And where did our notion of that term originate What is the relationship between emotions and free will The difference between feelings and emotions I could go on but you get the picture The idea that we can achieve optimal sociality only by subduing human biology is antiuated It doesn t fit with what we now about hunter gatherers other primates or modern neuroscience It also promotes a seuential view first we had human biology then we got civilization whereas in reality the two have always gone hand in hand Grooming bonobo image by Jutta Hof taken from de Waal s FBThere is an entire chapter on smiling and laughter yes they do which is a real revelation regarding what the source of humor might be We may not be in full control of our emotions but we aren t their slaves either This is why you should never say my emotions took over as an excuse for something stupid you did because you let your emotions take over Getting emotional has a voluntary side You let yourself fall in love with the wrong person you let yourself hate certain others you allowed greed to cloud your judgment or imagination to feed your jealousy Emotions are never just emotions and they are never fully automated Perhaps the greatest misunderstanding about emotions is that they are the opposite of cognition We have translated the dualism between body and mind into one between emotion and intelligence but the two actually go together and cannot operate without each other What has been learned from the lessons discussed here can be used to improve not only how we treat animals that are housed in zoos and used in research but in how livestock can be treated humanely reinforcing the work of researchers in this field such Temple GrandinBaby Love image by Jutta Maue Kay taken from de Waal s FBDe Waal is a first rate writer bringing to his books an engaging style and an ability to make complex subjects accessible to the average reader He even exposes on occasion a sense of humor which is always welcome in popular science writing De Waal makes a strong case that our emotions not only do not separate us from other beings but show our deep connection to them He shows how emotionsintellect is a formula that has been very successful for the survival of many species and offers a far flexible approach to solving new problems than rigid instinctual responses ever could He gives us good reason to recognize our shared inheritance our fellowship and sisterhood with a vast array of earth s creatures and in so doing offers us tools to better understand our behavior as a species and the behavior of non human living things all around us It is an intellectual whirlwind with many new ideas flying around Plenty there to grab and inspect Mama s Last Hug should be the beginning of a new widespread appreciation for our own social emotional And Psychological Roots And Empathy psychological roots and empathy the experience of others Embrace it I will only rarely refer to other species as other animals or non human animals For simplicity s sake I will mostly call them just animals even though for me as a biologist nothing is self evident than that we are part of the same ingdom We are animals Since I don t look at our species as emotionally much different from other mammals and in fact would be hard pressed to pinpoint uniuely human emotions we had better pay careful attention to the emotional background we share with our fellow travelers on this planet Frans De WaalGorillas live in family groups with a dominant silverback male and several females and offspring Gorilla dads sometimes groom and play with their infants even stepping in as surrogate mothers if need be image by Diane Fossey taken from de Waal s FBReview posted March 8 2019Publication date March 12 2019 hardcover March 10 2020 trade paperbackNovember 28 2019 Mama s Last Hug is named to the NY Times list of 100 Notable Books of 2019December 2019 Mama s Last Hug is named one of s Best Books of 2019 Science which it absolutely isMarch 2020 Mama s Last Hug is awarded the PENEO Wilson Literary Science Writing Award EXTRA STUFFDe Waal his FB page he is head of Living Links Center for the Advanced Study of Ape and Human Evolution There are many informative articles including interviews with de Waal linked on the Publications Page Definitely a rabbit hole worth exploring TED Talk Moral Behavior in Animals another TED Talk The Surprising Science of Alpha Males March 9 2019 NY Times Your Dog Feels as Guilty as She Looks An excerpt from the book What Do We Really Know About Animals EmotionsOther items of interest The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals by Charles Darwin on Gutenberg Video of Jan and Mama saying goodbye Royal Burgers Zoo page about Mama and Jan my review of Among the Great Apes a very different sort of ape related bookJanuary 29 2020 Mama s Last Hug is a short list nominee for a PenFaulkner award winners to be announced on March 2 An engaging examination of primate emotions though de Waal carefully distinguishes these from feelings and social constructs and what they teach us about human emotions and interactions Every now and then it seems his analogies oversimplify human reactions ex he compared Bonobo female reproductive jealousy to the majority of women who chose Obama over the McCainPalin ticket which of course disregards the many MANY other reasons that a woman might choose to support Obama over Palin and fails to account for the broad female support of other young female politicians like AOC and Ayanna Pressley I suppose these analogies are meant to be illustrative and not intended to be sole reason a person reacts the way they do but that one especially was off putting Frans DeWaal is a primatologist who has studied animal emotions for decades This fascinating book explores the rich emotional lives of animals Relating observations and laboratory experiments we are told of emotions found not only in primates but rats moles and fi. Was dying van Hooff took the unusual step of visiting her in her night cage for a last hug Their goodbyes were filmed and went viral Millions of people were deeply moved by the way Mama embraced the professor welcoming him with a big smile while reassuring him by patting his neck in a gesture often considered typically human but that is in fact common to all primates This story and others like it form the core of de Waal’s argument showing that humans are not the only species with the capacity for love hate fear shame guilt joy disgust